おらしょ こころ旅

Registered asset

Nagasaki

Ono church

  • Built for 26 Christian households living in the vicinity of Ono, as a peripatetic church of Shitsu church.
  • The church is a one-storey building made of stone and wood. It has brick window arches, and highly distinctive walls known as “de Rotz walls”. These were made using basalt from the local area, which has been fastened together using a special mix of red soil, caustic lime and sand. Inside, the church has a flat ceiling
  • The church has a roof truss structure. On the north side, there is an irregular hipped roof, and on the south side there is a gable roof. In front of the entrance on the north side is a “de Rotz wall”, which serves as a vertical windbreak.
  • The church’s stonework is of the same kind as that which has traditionally been used to build houses in the local area. This stonework and the church’s western-style roof trusses together constitute a fusion of Eastern and Western construction techniques.
  • Built in the same basic way as houses in this area traditionally have been, Ono church is a church rich in local character. Its unusual architecture tells of the simplicity of the faith which took root here.

Related persons and terms(By hovering your mouse pointer over an item, explanation of the item are displayed.)

Priest

[Priest] A priest is one of the offices of the Catholic clergy; referred to as "Father." A parish priest is entrusted with the parish by the bishop. Depending on the size of the parish, the priest may be assisted by a curate.

Plaster

[Plaster] Stucco is a building material used for bonding tiles and stones, filling in joints, and painting over walls, and is applied to the surfaces of the Oura Cathedral and Shitsu Church.

Mission Station

[Mission Station] Mission station refers to a church where a priest does not reside in the church building but visits only for Mass.

Discovery of Hidden Christians

[Discovery of Hidden Christians] The Discovery of Hidden Christians is an event in which several Senpuku Kirishitans (hidden Christians) in Urakami confessed their faith to a priest for the first time in about 250 years, in 1865, even when the ban on Christianity had not yet been lifted. This historical event happened at the Oura Cathedral built in the foreign settlement of Nagasaki.

Marc Marie de Rotz

[Marc Marie de Rotz] Marc Marie de Rotz, a missionary of the Paris Foreign Missions Society, landed at Nagasaki as a diocesan bishop in 1868. After printing doctrinal books using lithography at Oura Cathedral, he was assigned as the parish priest of the Sotome area in 1879 and engaged in various welfare activities, including establishing an aid center. He also had a profound knowledge of architecture and was involved in the construction of Shitsu Church and Ono Church.

Biography & Glossary >>

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Articles related to this asset

  • Nagasaki

    A church hidden within the mountains

    In contrast to the nearby Shitsu church, Ono church was built in a quiet and secluded location

  • Nagasaki

    Mass only once a year

    Ono church is a peripatetic church of Shitsu church. Both churches were built by Father de Rotz. Nowadays there is only one mass a year at Ono church, which is held in commemoration

  • Nagasaki

    A unique church

    Ono church’s structure resembles that of an ordinary house. Other notable architectural features include its "de Rotz walls" and its brick window frames, as well as the windbreak in front of the entrance.

  • Nagasaki

    Walls which have the air of southern Europe

    After arriving in Sotome, Father de Rotz came up with a new way of building walls. These walls have become known as “doro kabe” (“de Rotz walls”) and were made using stones from the local area. They have the air of southern Europe.

  • Nagasaki

    Father de Rotz's numerous activities

    When Father de Rotz was appointed to Sotome, he was shocked by how poor its inhabitants were. He gave the whole of the fortune which he acquired through inheriting his parent's house to Sotome.

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