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Christian burial methods sometimes help to manifest beliefs which lie at the very heart of the Christian faith
An early Japanese Christian tombstone which looks like a semi-cylindrical column that has been laid down. An epitaph has been engraved using the Roman alphabet, with the Christian era date and the name of the Japanese era written alongside one another.
After the Amakusa-Shimabara rebellion, there was group migration into Arima, with many people coming and settling there.
Although Hara castle was completely destroyed by the army of the shogunate, the area subsequently underwent a revival.
Many Christians were tortured and killed at Unzen, a place of numerous burning hot springs
Hara was destroyed out of fear that the dead might rise. People from a different religion later came here to mourn the dead.
A great number of Christian artefacts have been uncovered during archaeological excavations at Hara castle.
The Arima clan, which had governed the Shimabara peninsular for generations, left and moved to another domain.
Many Christians fought in the Amakusa-Shimabara rebellion. At Hara castle, an estimated 27,000 men, women and children lost their lives.
Through the ruins of Hara castle, we can witness the early days of the stone wall fortification technique which was in fashion around the time of Oda Nobunaga and Toyotomi Hideyoshi. Castle construction was in a period of transition between medieval and early modern times.
If you wish for peaceful coexistence, many barriers must first be overcome.
The Jesuits put a lot of effort into training young men who could engage in missionary work. One after another, young boys were educated in subjects such as fine arts, music, Japanese and Latin.
Towards the end of the 16th century, four Japanese boys (who had been equipped with a good education) began a trip to Europe. They were deeply moved by their experiences.
The gold-leaf roof tiles which have been discovered in the ruins of Hinoe castle suggest that the Arima clan was deeply connected with the centre of political power
Love is central in Christianity. Within the Arima domain, the missionaries’ emphasis on this core aspect of the Christian Gospel made a profound impression on people
Ceramics from places like China and Southeast Asia have been excavated from the remains of Hinoe castle. These items help to show how much the Arima clan prospered from trade.
During the Warring States period, feudal lords in Japan were competing against one another and were therefore eager to attract Portuguese trade. This provided an opportunity for Christianity to be spread within their domains.